“This handsome celebratory book, with a Foreword by Philip Pullman.”
“Coffee Table Choice.”
“A delightful visual feast complemented by the author’s enthusiasm for a man who brought warmth to his subjects while giving a discreet two-fingered salute to officialdom.”
“This is a book which warms your heart and allows you to revel in the skill and imagination of one of the great British illustrators. Fantastic stuff.”
Very Heath Robinson De Luxe Edition
For collectors we have commissioned this limited De Luxe Edition of Adam Hart-Davis’s warm and wonderful tribute to the master of crazy contraptions, held together with knotted string like so many of the artist’s mechanical fantasies.
19 in stock
Dispatched next day with Royal Mail 2nd Class
- RRP: £150.00
- Format: 270 x 284 mm (10 1/2 x 11 1/5 in) landscape
- Pages: 240
- Weight: 2.3 kg (5.1 lb)
- Pictures: Over 350 in colour and b/w
- Binding: Folded, gathered and thread-sewn, case-bound over 3.5 mm Smurfit boards, flat-backed, covered in Wicotex Brillianta 4103 Cherry Red cloth, blocked in Kurz Alufin Special silver foil on front, spine and back cover
- End papers: 170 gsm Multi Offset printed 1/1
- Head and tail bands: Zeltrade 109590 black and red
- Print: Hand numbered, preserved in Secol sleeve and inserted between back end papers
- Presentation case: Laser-cut 4 mm birch board with living hinge, engraved on front and back, sanded and sealed with Osmo 3032 Satin Hardwax-Oil and tied with Neotrims No. 5 Red 4 mm cord
- Packing: Colompac carton with Heath Robinson address label matching book plate
- ISBN: 978-1-873329-50-4
- Publication: May 2017
De Luxe Edition cased in wood
‘Heath Robinson himself I’m sure would be proud of the De Luxe edition of Very Heath Robinson. The living hinge is a work of art, and the book itself is yet another wonderfully researched piece from the ever great Adam Hart-Davis.’ – Robin Gissing Jr, Kickstarter backer
In making this limited edition, we have borrowed a term from Heath Robinson’s own lexicon. He loved to ape the advertising copy writer by elevating his imaginary machines to De Luxe status. This De Luxe Edition of Very Heath Robinson is bound in Cherry Red cloth, blocked in silver and protected in a birch case secured, Heath Robinson-style, with knotted string. It opens on a living hinge designed at Imperial College, London.
Tribute to three great talents
If a book is to merit a limited edition, it needs some special quality. Very Heath Robinson’s first claim to De Luxe status lies in the sheer wonderfulness of the illustrations, which capture the analogue world of the 20th century in all its clunking, mechanical onrush and conjure endless delight from their gentle social satire. If that were not enough, it brings together three big names and crystallizes all they have to offer.
The artist William Heath Robinson
William Heath Robinson himself became so well known in his lifetime (1872-1944) that all kinds of complex mechanical devices were named after him, including the precursor to the world’s first electronically programmable computer, Colossus. He is one of the few artists to have won an entry in the English dictionary and nearly 80 years after his death, with the opening of his own museum, he is enjoying a well-deserved revival. He has made it into the ranks of the immortals.
The author Adam Hart-Davis
Adam Hart-Davis made his name as a presenter of scientific programmes on television, notably the BBC TV series What the Romans Did for Us. He has continued to appear in front of the camera and live audiences, talking on the history of science and engineering, and has a string of deeply researched books to his credit. Apart from telling the fascinating technical stories behind Heath Robinson’s drawings, he has been intimately involved in selecting and arranging the pictures into coherent topics and themes.
The Foreword writer Philip Pullman
Philip Pullman needs little introduction. Author of His Dark Materials and The Book of Dust trilogies, he has long been an enthusiastic admirer of Heath Robinson. In his Foreword to Very Heath Robinson he captures the essence of the man he dubs the ‘Grand High Celestial Mechanic of Absurdity’. The quality most lasting of all in his work, he writes, is his charm. ‘These solemn, earnest men in their top hats, and all the other members of the Heath Robinson repertory company, don’t know they’re being ridiculous. They are convinced they’re being entirely rational and clever and up-to-date. They’re silly and harmless and delightful, because they don’t know they’re any of those things.’
A very Heath Robinson design
The De Luxe Edition has had a very Heath Robinson make-over, thanks to the engineers at the Imperial College Advanced Hackspace. The birch case they designed, with its flexible living hinge, engraved images and cogwheel decorations, has been manufactured on a laser cutter by Good Empire, a go-ahead firm based at Empire Arches, beside the magnificent Streatham Pumping Station, in south London. Joely and her team finished the cases by hand, sanding them smooth and sealing them with vegetable oils and waxes. As one might expect with an artisan process, no two cases are exactly the same. Back at Sheldrake Press the cloth-bound books were placed into the cases and the whole assembly knotted together.
A world of absurdity brought to life
Once the knots are untied and the case opened, the absurdly ingenious world of William Heath Robinson comes to life. From heated bathing suits for wimps to mechanical dance tutors for clumsy-footed men, Very Heath Robinson is full of witty solutions to everyday problems. Over six chapters, Adam Hart-Davis weaves together the many weird and wonderful flights of fancy in which Heath Robinson indulged, telling the stories of social and technological change that inspired him – history through pictures, with incision, punch and panache.
Limited-edition print of the Holiday Aeroplane
Inside the De Luxe Edition, ready for framing, comes a numbered print of the Holiday Aeroplane, one of Heath Robinson’s flights of fancy. ‘He was so absurd,’ says Adam Hart-Davis. ‘He imagined that ’planes would be like cars and you could go along at 20 miles an hour and have people serving beer and a brass band on top.’ There’s even an observation platform for bird-watchers and a charcoal brazier for spit roasting chickens. Not to mention a man with an oil can lubricating the propeller from the engine cowling. Totally Heath Robinson.
Alternative editions available
Very Heath Robinson comes in an even more limited, Super De Luxe Edition of which only seven have been produced. Here the book is presented in a felt-lined walnut case designed at Imperial College, London, finished with a Heath Robinson brass lock and key. Just two copies are available at £300. To discover the Very Heath Robinson Super De Luxe Edition, click here.
The book is available too in a hardback edition with jacket for only £40. For the hardback edition of Very Heath Robinson, click here.
FOREWORD BY PHILIP PULLMAN
CHAPTER 1: IDEAS FOR DOMESTIC BLISS
A Day in the Life of the Gadget House
And So to Bed
Sharing Scarce Facilities
Making the Most of the Garden
CHAPTER 2: KEEPING UP APPEARANCES
Manners Maketh Man
Finer Points of Courtship and Romance
Dressed to Impress
Clothes for Hire
The Body Beautiful
CHAPTER 3: HOLIDAYS AND PASTIMES
Outings and Excursions
The All-Weather Weekend Tandem
Beside the Seaside
Tricks of the Camera
CHAPTER 4: FOR INSATIABLE SPORT LOVERS
Eye on the Ball
Fast and Slow
In and Out of the Scrum
The Humours of Golf
Making a Splash
The Incomplete Angler
Hunting for Cads
CHAPTER 5: MAN AND MACHINE
Mighty Moving Machines
Before It Was Banned
The Pelican in the Factory
Heat and Fury
Keeping the Store Cupboards Stocked
From Stone Age to Toffee Town
Cracking on with Christmas
Livening up Left-Overs
CHAPTER 6: CARS, ‘PLANES AND FLYING TRAINS
Early Days on the Railwaysg
The Building of Saltash Bridgeg
Imagining the Channel Tunnelg
Manners for Motorists
Duck to Water
Clearing the Way
Dreams of Aerial Travel
Adam Hart-Davis is the irrepressibly enthusiastic presenter who romps across our television screens bringing excitement to all manner of scientific and technical subjects. Instantly recognizable in his bright and eccentric clothes, he has enlightened his viewers on all manner of topics from the development of nuclear fusion to boiling the perfect egg. He made his name presenting shows such as What the Romans Did for Us and Local Heroes and has a long list of books to his credit, from serious titles like The Cosmos: A Beginner’s Guide and Engineers through to the light-hearted Stringlopedia and Taking the Piss: A Potted History. After attending Eton College, he read chemistry at Merton College, Oxford and did a PhD in organometallic chemistry at the University of York and three years of post-doctoral research at the University of Alberta in Canada. He spent the next five years working at Oxford University Press, where he edited scientific texts and chess manuals. In 1977 he began his career in broadcasting, working for 17 years at Yorkshire Television, first as a researcher and subsequently as producer of series such as Arthur C. Clarke’s World of Strange Powers and the school show Scientific Eye. In the 1990s he presented two series for Yorkshire Television, Local Heroes and On the Edge. Local Heroes proved immensely popular and was moved to BBC2. As well as the Romans, he did programmes on what the Victorians did for us, not to mention the Ancients, the Tudors and the Stuarts. He has collected fourteen honorary doctorates in addition to numerous awards for his services to engineering. He discovered while making a television programme that he is a distant cousin of the Queen, David Cameron and John Julius Norwich.
Philip Pullman has been named by The Times as one of the ‘50 greatest British writers since 1945’. He is best known for His Dark Materials (1995-2000), a trilogy of novels which has found an audience with adults and children and has sold more than 17.5 million copies worldwide. In 2007 it was made into the blockbuster film The Golden Compass which earned a staggering $150 million, as well as a play at the National Theatre, winner of two Laurence Olivier awards. Northern Lights, the first book in the trilogy, was named the all-time greatest Carnegie Medal winner following voting by both a librarians panel and the public. Dubbed by The Guardian as ‘one of the supreme literary dreamers and magicians of our time’, Pullman has long been an admirer of Heath Robinson’s genius and has expressed his unreserved support for the opening of the Heath Robinson Museum in Pinner. The first volume in his new trilogy The Book of Dust will be published in October 2017.
CHAPTER 1: IDEAS FOR DOMESTIC BLISS
This home-made vacuum cleaner bears more than a passing resemblance to James Murray Spangler’s original makeshift invention. As Heath Robinson says, “anyone can make a vacuum cleaner”. During the 19th century the Industrial Revolution had brought significant changes to Great Britain. The population increased from eight million in 1800 to 30 million in 1900, and these people had to live somewhere. The rapid development of cotton and other mills attracted workers into the towns and cities, and at the same time the modernization of agriculture meant that many fewer labourers were needed on the farms. Before 1800 most people worked in the fields and lived in the country; after 1900 most people worked in industries and lived nearby.
As people migrated into towns and cities, suburbs developed to cope with the influx. Suburban houses were small, and often divided into maisonettes and flats. During the 19th century most better-off families had two or three servants: perhaps a cook, a parlour maid and a butler. The Robinson household, William claimed, included “a general servant, a kitchen maid, a nurse, a housemaid, and a cook; but as all these retainers were united in one person, our household was not greatly increased thereby”.
Aspiring middle-class families did not really have enough money to employ servants, nor space to house them, especially if their new home was less than a complete house. For some, the loss of servants was a dreadful imposition. How could middle-class people be expected to light their own fires, cook their own food and clean their own houses? In addition, how could they possibly live in a small house? Once his imagination got to work, however, Heath Robinson found ingenious solutions to such potential problems.
The advent of domestic gadgets meant that servants were becoming less necessary. Hubert Cecil Booth’s original vacuum cleaner of 1901 was a steam-powered machine the size of a large cart, and pulled by horses. When you summoned it, the monster was brought to the road outside your house, and pipes led in through several windows to bring the vacuum to your carpets and upholstery. This was an important social event, and ladies would invite their friends to come and take tea and observe the wonderful machine in action.
In 1908, James Murray Spangler, a 60-year-old asthmatic janitor in Canton, Ohio, put together a carpet sweeper with a fan and a pillowcase on the back to catch the dust. He could take this portable electric machine round the building with him; it kept the dust down, and reduced his asthma attacks. He took out a patent, and set up the Electric Suction Sweeper Company to make his machines.
William H. Hoover, who made leather horse collars and harnesses, was worried about the threat to his business from the advent of the automobile. He saw one of Spangler’s machines, was immensely impressed and bought the entire business for $36,000. Offering a week’s free home trial, the company was so successful that we still talk about “Hoovering” rather than “Boothing” or “Spanglering”, even though Hoover did not invent the vacuum cleaner.
CHAPTER 3: HOLIDAYS AND PASTIMES
Beside the Seaside
The Robinsons loved trips to the seaside. “As soon as the days grew longer, and summer was in the air, we began to look forward to our seaside holiday, which we usually spent at Ramsgate…. The entertainments on the sands were of a simple character. We had no fun-fairs, great wheels, or other Blackpool thrills. We had no concert parties, but were sufficiently amused… by Punch and Judy. The photographer, too, was always busy with his little portable darkroom.”
The seaside had long been associated with health as well as pleasure. The fresh air, sunshine and sea-water were all considered beneficial to the constitution. In his 1769 book Domestic Medicine, the Scottish doctor William Buchan recommended sea bathing, especially during winter – not for fun, but as a cure for various diseases. The lower the temperature, the more beneficial the effect. Since the book sold 80,000 copies he must have persuaded many people to try it. Heath Robinson was clearly less than enthusiastic, for his drawings show a range of tactics to avoid hypothermia. Others said that immersion in water caused lascivious thoughts, disgraceful behaviour and moral turpitude.
The idea that sea air was good for you became popular after the discovery of the gas ozone in 1839. When passing an electric current through water to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen, the German scientist Christian Friedrich Schönbein noticed a distinctive odour, identified the gas and named it ozone, from the Ancient Greek ὀξειν, to smell. Ozone turned out to be a powerful antiseptic, so it came to be associated with hospitals and doctors’ surgeries. Since people thought they could catch a whiff of it at the seaside, they assumed that sea air had to be beneficial. In fact ozone is antiseptic because it is a deadly poison; one good breath and you’d be dead. Fortunately there is no ozone at the seaside; the characteristic smell is actually rotting seaweed. That did not deter the Victorians from developing seaside resorts all around the coastline, many of them equipped with piers so that people could walk out over the sea and breathe the healthy air.
In Victorian times men and women would rarely swim from the same beaches and women wore enormous, all-concealing bathing costumes. Bathing machines first appeared at Scarborough in 1736. These were wooden huts or canvas tents on wheels in which people could change out of their clothes. The machine could then be taken down to the water’s edge so that the bathers could leap in without exposing themselves. Some machines even went right into the sea to allow the bathers to immerse themselves in total privacy. Queen Victoria had a bathing machine installed in 1846 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and used it the following year.
In 1907 the Australian swimmer Annette Kellermann was arrested on a beach in Boston for wearing a figure-hugging costume, even though it covered her from neck to ankle. Heath Robinson shows some women in cover-all outfits, but in other pictures has men and scantily-clad women cavorting together. Gradually, costumes became slighter, and some of Heath Robinson’s later drawings show women in skinny one-piece outfits. The bikini was not “invented” until 1946, when the French designer Jacques Heim produced the “Atome”, the smallest bathing suit in the world, whereupon his rival Louis Réard produced an even smaller one and – anticipating its explosive impact – named it the “Bikini” after Bikini Atoll, where the Americans had just tested the world’s first hydrogen bomb.
CHAPTER 6: CARS, ‘PLANES AND FLYING TRAINS
Heath Robinson lived through an era of unprecedented progress in transport. Railways had already revolutionized travel in the mid-19th century, and the network went on growing in the 1900s. The first cars and motor buses appeared in the 1890s. Travel across seas was greatly improved by the invention of the steam turbine by Charles Parsons in 1897, which gave rise to a new generation of fast steamships. Most important of all was the development of passenger aircraft after Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first controlled, powered flight in a heavier-than-air machine in 1903. New and more advanced models were being introduced up to and throughout both world wars.
The world’s first dedicated passenger train ran from Liverpool to Manchester on 15th September 1830. The day was a triumph for the engineer George Stephenson and the locomotive Rocket, built by his son Robert. It was also a tragedy for the M. P. William Huskisson, who rashly crossed the line to talk to the Duke of Wellington, was run over by Rocket and died from his injuries.
The merchant venturers of Bristol observed Stephenson’s work with trepidation. They worried that a railway connection with London might make Liverpool a more important port than Bristol, and decided they needed a railway of their own; so in 1833 they formed the Great Western Railway company or G. W. R. – sometimes known as God’s Wonderful Railway – which received its enabling Act of Parliament in 1835.
To build the railway, the merchants turned to 21-year-old Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who had spent a year in Bristol recovering from an accident in the Thames Tunnel in 1828, and had made major improvements to the docks there. They told him at an interview that they were going to ask four engineers each to survey a route for the railway, and would choose the cheapest.
Brunel, already arrogant in spite of his youth, said that under those conditions he was no longer interested. If he were to survey a route, it would be the best route, but certainly not the cheapest. And he walked out. A fierce argument ensued, and the merchants decided by a single vote to give Brunel the job. This was by far his biggest project and, refusing to delegate, he surveyed every yard of the route himself, and even went so far as to design the lamp posts for Bath railway station.
By the end of the 19th century, most major cities were linked to the rail network, although in London the railway companies were not allowed to carry their noise and smoke into the centre; so the stations lie mainly in two rows, north and south of the centre. Once the train had brought you to your destination, therefore, there was urban traffic to contend with – already a problem long before the advent of the internal combustion engine.
In the 1890s, when Heath Robinson was in his 20s, manure was a nightmare. London had 11,000 cabs and several thousand buses, pulled by a total of 50,000 horses. Each horse produced 20 pounds of manure per day; New York had 2.5 million pounds per day to shift. In 1894, The Times of London predicted that by 1950 the city’s streets would be buried under nine feet of manure. So serious was the problem that an international urban planning conference was held in New York in 1898 to discuss the issue, but since none of the delegates could see any solution, they gave up after three days and went home. Yet within a few years the problem had entirely disappeared. Electric trams and then cars and motor buses led to a rapid collapse in the horse population; in 1912, traffic counts in New York, London and Paris all showed more cars than horses for the first time, and most cities had experienced their first motor traffic jams by 1914.
These new and exciting developments in transport inspired Heath Robinson’s own idiosyncratic view of how trains, ships, motor cars and ’planes operated – a cornucopia of churning pistons, tooting whistles and smoke-billowing engines.